Moringa is a popular vegetable for curry, gravy and side dish preparations, both leaves and fresh pods are used in culinary purposes. The important breeding objectives in moringa are development of short statured drought and saline tolerant annual types with higher number of pods and higher levels of iron and zinc. Besides these, off season production is also one of the important breeding objectives. Applications of conventional breeding approaches in Moringa are very difficult due to its highly cross pollinated nature and heterozygosity expressions. Hence, biotechnological approaches are the best option for further improvement of Moringa. Micro-propagation and Doubled haploid techniques will pave the way for genetic improvement in Moringa for genetic uniformity.